At Little River Veterinary Clinic, we offer a wide range of services for both large and small animals. Below you’ll find a list of our core services as well as recommended care for your pets. Surgeries should be made 1-2 months in advance.
Physical exams (PE)
Physical exams are recommended annually for apparently healthy animals, and at least biannually, or more often for geriatric or ill animals.
Core Vaccines for Dogs:
DA2PPV (Distemper, Adenovirus, Parvovirus, Parainfluenza virus)
Given to puppies as early as 6 weeks of age, but more commonly starting at 8 weeks of age, and boostered at 12 and 16 weeks of age. The vaccine given at 16 weeks of age is good for 1 year. After the annual booster, the vaccine is good for 3 years.
Rabies: All dogs are required BY LAW to have a Rabies vaccine at 3 months of age. The first vaccine is good for one year, after that they are required every 3 years.
Non-core, but recommended vaccines:
Leptospirosis: Leptospirosis is a bacterial disease carried by many wild animals. If your pet contracts the disease it can cause kidney and liver failure. Most commonly, dogs contract the disease from drinking contaminated water. Yearly vaccination helps decrease your dog’s chances of contracting the disease.
We recommend this series be started at 12 weeks of age, boostered 3-4 weeks later, then annually. We don’t always vaccinate small breed dogs, as they are often more sensitive to the vaccine, and they usually have less risk of exposure.
Lyme: Lyme Disease is a bacterial disease that is spread through the bite of Deere Ticks. Dogs that are allowed to roam in tall grass or woods are at highest risk for exposure. The most common clinical signs associated with illness are lameness, fever, and anorexia. If left undetected lyme disease can be very serious. Annual testing, vaccination and tick control is highly recommended.
We recommend the vaccine series be started at 12 weeks of age, with a booster in 3-4 weeks, then annually. Adult dogs receiving the vaccine for the first time require a series of two boosters, 3-4 weeks apart. We also recommend the Lyme vaccine for all Lyme positive dogs.
Bordetella (“Kennel Cough” ) vaccine: Bordetella Bronchiseptica is a bacterial infection involved in a respiratory disease complex called “Kennel Cough.” Most boarding facilities require dogs to be current on this vaccine.
We currently have an oral and an injectable form of vaccine. The oral form has been shown to produce better local immunity. Since the oral form has been shown to be superior, we recommend the injectable form only for dogs that are uncooperative for oral administration. If the injectable form is used, we recommend a series of two shots, 3-4 weeks apart, followed subsequently by annual revaccination.
A single administration of oral Bordetella is required annually.
Core Vaccines for Felines:
FRCP: Given to kittens at 8, 12, and 16 weeks of age. If the kitten is greater than 12 weeks of age when series is started, then we only do a series of two vaccines. The vaccine given at 16 weeks of age is good for one year, after the one-year booster it is required every 3 years.
Rabies: Given to kittens at 12 weeks of age or older, and boostered annually. It is STATE LAW that all cats have a Rabies vaccine, even if they are only indoor cats.
Leukemia: Recommended for kittens/ indoor/outdoor cats at least 12 weeks of age, followed by a booster in 3-4 weeks, and then given annually. The American Association of Feline Practitioners recommends the initial two dose series for all kittens, followed by the annual booster regardless of whether they are indoor only cats. The principle behind this recommendation is that cats often escape, and kittens are more susceptible to this virus. The vaccine series can be discontinued after the one-year booster in indoor only cats. The vaccine is not recommended for Feline Leukemia positive cats.
Recommended Tests for Dogs and Cats:
4DX: The 4DX test is recommended annually for dogs. It tests for Heartworm disease, Lyme Disease, Anaplasmosis and Ehrlichia canis infections. If your dog tests negative for Heartworm disease, then we recommend starting a once a month heartworm preventative.
FELV/FIV Tests: This test is recommended for all newly adopted kittens, cats with unknown status , high-risk individuals, or sick cats. High-risk individuals include outdoor cats and multi-cat households. We strongly recommend that cats receive this test prior to receiving the FELV vaccine.
Flea Control: Appropriate flea, tick and parasite treatments are listed and explained in this downloadable PDF. Medications recommended for parasite control/treatment may change depending on your pets’ clinical signs, parasite type and load. Please consult one of our veterinarians if you have further parasite concerns.
Heartworm Preventative: Heartworm disease has becoming increasingly more prevalent. We strongly recommend yearly heartworm (4DX) tests, and if negative, we recommend all dogs be started on a once a month heartworm preventative. We currently sell two brands of heartworm preventative, Heartguard Plus or Trifexis. As minimum preventative we recommend the heartworm preventative once a month from May until after a hard killing frost. If you travel to the southern states with your dog we strongly recommend year round monthly preventative. Another advantage to year round heartworm preventative (Heartguard Plus or Trifexis) is that they also contain medications that target many intestinal parasites.
Fecal Analysis/ Intestinal Parasite Control: We recommend that all kittens and puppies be dewormed every 2 weeks, starting at 2 weeks of age, until on a monthly preventative such as Revolution (cats) or Heartguard Plus (dogs).
If an animal has an ongoing parasite problem, a fecal analysis is recommended to determine the type(s) of intestinal parasite(s) that need to be targeted, and to monitor the effectiveness of treatment.
Year Round (Rotating) Equine Deworming Program
A different anti-parasitic drug is used every eight weeks to prevent the parasites from developing resistance to a specific drug.
January — Oxibendazole (Anthelcide EQ Paste, Pfizer)
March — Pyrantel Pamoate (Strongid Paste, Pfizer)
May — Oxibendazole
July — Ivermectin (Zimectrin Paste), Farnam)
September — Pyrantel Pamoate
November — Ivermectin
Please Note: The Pyrantel pamoate given in March and September needs to be double doses at 13.2 mg/kg in order to be effective against tapeworms.
The trade names of the major manufacturers are provided for the drugs above. There are, of course, many other manufacturers of these products, but they usually list the main active ingredient on the label, right under the trade name of the product.
We also recommend that fecal examinations be done twice a year to make sure your deworming program is effective, and no resistance issues are developing. Samples for fecal analysis should be collected 14-16 days after the horses were last dewormed.
We are capable of running blood-work in house, and also often send blood-work out to a lab called Idexx.
We are now proud to report that we have an in-house digital x-ray machine!
We perform many elective and soft tissues surgeries, including but not limited to, spays, neuters, and lumpectomies (mass removals). Check out the links under resources to learn the many benefits of having your animal fixed!
Dental hygiene is another health concern for pets. Dental cleanings and teeth extractions, when needed, are performed under general anesthesia. Discuss your pet’s dental health with your veterinarian, to see if they would benefit from a dental cleaning.
We now offer acupuncture at the Little River Veterinary Clinic. It you think you pet may benefit from acupuncture, book your initial appointment today.
House visit costs vary by region and include a single animal exam fee. Call to find out the cost of a house visit in your region. We service all of Washington County.